The Old Man and the Sea - Summary, Analysis and Facts

"The Old man and the Sea", is a short heroic novel by Ernest Hemingway in 1951 and published in 1952. It was awarded Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1953. It is the last major work of fiction published in the life time of the author. The author is American by Nationality and he wrote the novel in Cuba. It tells the story of Santiago, an aging Cuban fisherman. It describes his struggle to catch a giant marlin. This work was cited by Nobel committee as contributing, to him getting awarded for Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1954. To get academic writing help for this novel or any work of fiction, you can contact BookMyEssay online.

About the Author

Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961), was a noted American journalist, novelist, short story writer and sportsman. His "iceberg theory" style of writing became the basis for many 20th century fiction. He lived an adventurous lifestyle. His public image had a greater effect on the latter generations. He was awarded Nobel prize in literature in 1954. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. Hemingway published 7 novels, 6 short story collection and 2 non fiction works.

He enlisted himself as an ambulance driver in World War 1. In 1918, he was seriously injured and he returned home. His wartime experiences bacame the basis of his work "A Farewell to Arms". He had permanent residence in Florida in 1930's and in Cuba in 1940's and 1950's. In 1959, he bought a house in Idaho, where in the mid 1961, he died by suicide.

Plot Summary

The story is about Santiago, other Cuban fisherman, who has not caught asingle fish since 84 days. The sea has become unlucky and even his apprentice, Mandolin, is told, by his family, to look for lucky fisherman. Though Mandolin continues to support him as he cherishes the old man and the life lessons imparted by him. Determined to change his luck Santiago is convinced to go as far as Gulf Stream. Here, he hooks a giant marlin. He struggles with the fish for 3 days. Santiago admires the strength, faithfulness and dignity of the fish. He finally catches the marlin and lashes it to the boat.

But the efforts of Santiago goes into a naught when sharks are attracted to the tethered marlin. The sharks eats it up and only it's skeleton is left. The tired Santiago, on returning to the harbour, goes to his home and sleeps.

People then find skeleton of fish hanged to the boat of Santiago. On the other hand, Maolin is relived to see Santiago alive and they make plans to go fishing together.

Analysis of the Novel

This novel is based on the thoughts, themes that may have affected Hemingway as writer and as a man. The routine life if Cuban fisherman is explained in the opening pages. The lifestyle of Santiago, the fisherman, is shown in an elemental style to be stripped down. With age and luck against home, he knows that he must row out against people and situation into the Gulf Stream. BookMyEssay provides in depth analysis of books and novels in the fiction genre providing academic assignment help.

Hemingway shows Santiago to endure hardships and sufferings in order to win. The way author tries to create actual conditions through explaining about the smell of tar, sea, salt, fish blood. It is the story where the author describes the struggles of the old fisherman. This story needs to read in one sitting.

It was considered as one of the finest works of Hemmingway. It was cited when he won Nobel prize in literature in 1954. A popular film adaptation to the novel was released in 1958.

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